By Rino Micheloni
This ebook walks the reader in the course of the subsequent step within the evolution of NAND flash reminiscence know-how, particularly the advance of 3D flash thoughts, within which a number of layers of reminiscence cells are grown in the similar piece of silicon. It describes their operating rules, equipment architectures, fabrication concepts and useful implementations, and highlights why 3D flash is a new technology.
After reviewing industry traits for either NAND and sturdy nation drives (SSDs), the publication digs into the main points of the flash reminiscence mobile itself, protecting either floating gate and rising cost capture applied sciences. there's a plethora of other fabrics and vertical integration schemes in the market. New reminiscence cells, new fabrics, new architectures (3D Stacked, BiCS and P-BiCS, 3D FG, 3D VG, 3D complicated architectures); primarily, each one NAND producer has its personal resolution. bankruptcy three to bankruptcy 7 supply a huge review of the way 3D can materialize. The 3D wave is impacting rising stories in addition and bankruptcy eight covers 3D RRAM (resistive RAM) crosspoint arrays. Visualizing 3D constructions could be a problem for the human mind: this can be method these kind of chapters include loads of bird’s-eye perspectives and pass sections alongside the three axes.
The moment a part of the booklet is dedicated to different very important points, equivalent to complex packaging expertise (i.e. TSV in bankruptcy nine) and blunder correction codes, that have been leveraged to enhance flash reliability for decades. bankruptcy 10 describes the evolution from legacy BCH to the newest LDPC codes, whereas bankruptcy eleven offers with probably the most fresh developments within the ECC box. final yet now not least, bankruptcy 12 seems at 3D flash thoughts from a process perspective.
Is 14nm the final step for planar cells? Can a hundred layers be built-in in the comparable piece of silicon? Is four bit/cell attainable with 3D? Will 3D be trustworthy adequate for firm and datacenter functions? those are a number of the questions that this booklet is helping answering by way of offering insights into 3D flash reminiscence layout, technique expertise and applications.
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3D Flash Memories by Rino Micheloni